The Kêjawèn teachings are aimed at providing instructions of how man should live a good life by studying the ways of the world and life; putting these instructions into practice can be done by contemplating the Sastrå Harjendrå teaching. The contemplation method used in the Sastrå Harjendrå teaching is called ‘samadhi eling’.
The practice of samadhi eling is performed by sitting in a relaxed position with one’s eyes closed while reviewing and re-thinking all activities one has performed earlier that day from the moment one got up in the morning until the present moment. Hence, ‘samādhi’ (Sanskrit) means a higher level of concentration meditation; ‘eling’ (Javanese) means ‘to remember’, ‘to remind’. This practice should be performed each night before going to sleep.
Back in the days, people would only have some white rice with sambal terasi for breakfast, sometimes also with salted fish or kerupuk, and already feel content. As an old saying goes: “when you can feed all mouths in your family white rice three times a day, you ought to be grateful to Hyang Gusti (God)”.
This simple need for food is in fact very profound when we consider the cultural and spiritual meaning behind this practice: “when eating three times a day and practising samadhi eling each night, we surely will sleep well”. Thus, the basic needs for someone living a simple life is to have three meals a day and practice samadhi eling so that one will have a nice sleep.
If one exceeds mere simplicity, then this might very well lead to discontent. For instance, even though people can buy a bed made from gold, it is still not garanteed that they will be able to sleep well in it. When one realizes that one only needs to have a place to lay one’s head to rest at night, then all the rest (excessive luxury) will soon become redundant.
In this way, then, the purpose of practising simplicity is to arouse mindful manners (‘budi pekerti’); though these manners may seem to come from within, yet the truth is that it comes in fact by the grace of Sang Hyang Gusti. It is therefore not appropriate for us to become arrogant, thinking we are special in one way or another, for man has already been given budi pekerti by Sang Hyang Gusti from the very beginning His children started to learn how to eat and drink. That is why it is said that “when drinking water, one must remember its source; likewise, when eating food, one must remember where it came from”.
Hence, we should only eat three times a day, and save the rest for the next day. When constantly applying this principle it will eventually lead to great glory that will last for as long as seven generations. And so, “if our children do not study the Sastrå Harjendrå teaching, this legacy will sooner or later be lost. But if, however, they are clever and comprehend the profound meaning of the Sastrå Harjendrå teaching, then they might even go beyond that which was inherited by their ancestors”.
This kind of advice can only be given to a society that already has developed a strong sense of culture so that its people are willing to search for the higher meaning of life. It is for this reason that Sang Hyang Gusti prepared a special book for man, a divine book which serves as a guide for auspicious living, i.e. the Sastrå Harjendrå.